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World in Focus (JUL–AUG 2022) National & International With MCQs

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World in Focus (JUL–AUG 2022)

National & International With MCQs

July 16: The Balochistan government declared 10 districts of the province as calamity-hit areas in view of casualties and losses to businesses and infrastructure by recent torrential rains and floods.
July 16: The steel-cutting ceremony of the first Offshore Patrol Vessel (OPV-II) being constructed for the Pakistan Navy was held at M/s DAMEN Shipyard Galati, Romania.
July 16: The World Bank approved a $200 million loan to overhaul Punjab’s agriculture sector.
July 16: Minister for Planning, Development and Special Initiatives Ahsan Iqbal presented Pakistan’s Voluntary National Review (VNR) on Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) at the United Nations’ High Level Political Forum (HLPG) 2022.
July 16: A grand Jirga held in Bajaur, KP, decided against the liberty of women to visit the tourist spots with men in the area.
July 17: Imran Khan’s PTI swept the Punjab by-polls, remaining victorious on 15 seats out of 20.
July 18: Barrick Gold Corporation’s Chief Executive Mark Bristow announced his plan to invest approximately $7 billion in Reko Diq mines for developing gold and copper in two phases.
July 18: At the Petersburg Dialogue on multilateral climate negotiations, Climate Change Minister Sherry Rehman asked for a clear re-set of the global climate agenda, for equitable resourcing of change, new goals and an accelerated pace of operationalisation of pledges made as well new ambitions that address the needs of developing countries before the crucial COP 27 in November in Egypt.
July 18: Three newly elevated judges of the Peshawar High Court (PHC) took the oath of their offices.
July 18: Farah Hamid Khan assumed the charge of the Chief Information Commissioner, Right to Information Commission, KP.
July 19: The federal government constituted a task force for the elimination of Riba with Federal Minister for Law & Justice as its Chairman.
July 19: Google announced the launch of its Android Earthquake Alerts System in Pakistan.
July 19: On behalf of the President of Pakistan, Pakistan’s Ambassador to China, Moin ul Haque conferred Pakistan’s civil award ‘Sitara-e-Quaid-i-Azam’ upon Lu Shan, Chairman and Party Secretary of China Road and Bridge Corporation.
July 20: The Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) postponed second phase of Sindh Local Government (LG) elections and by-election in NA-245.
July 20: Chief Minister KP Mahmood Khan inaugurated the Provincial Security Secretariat established at the Home and Tribal Affairs Department.
July 20: Sana Sher Bahadur claimed the KP Regional Junior Squash title.
July 20: The Henley Passport Index, compiled by immigration consultancy company Henley & Partners, ranked Pakistan’s passport as the fourth-worst among 199 world countries.
July 20: Abdullah Shafique hit an epic 160 to anchor Pakistan’s record chase of 342 at Galle, Sri Lanka.
July 20: The US State Department in its 2022 Trafficking in Persons (TIP) report declared that Pakistan remains on Tier 2, however, the country has been upgraded in status by being taken off the ‘watchlist’.
July 21: The federal cabinet approved the appointment of former director general of Intelligence Bureau (IB) Aftab Sultan as Chairman of National Accountability Bureau (NAB).
July 21: The Sindh government appointed Muhammad Waseem, a retired PCS officer of Grade 22, the Chairman of the Sindh Public Service Commission (SPSC).
July 21: The Federal Education Ministry renamed the Single National Curriculum (SNC) as National Curriculum of Pakistan (NCP).
July 22: Hamza Shehbaz retained the provincial chief executive slot by defeating the joint candidate of PTI and PMLQ after Deputy Speaker Sardar Dost Muhammad Mazari rejected 10 PMLQ votes.
July 22: Pakistan Railways Inspector General Faisal Shahkar replaced Punjab IGP Rao Sardar Ali.
July 22: Two Pakistani female mountaineers – Samina Baig and Naila Kiani – created history by reaching the top of the second highest peak in the world, the 8,611m high K2.
July 22: Around 100 climbers in different groups summited the K2.
July 22: The IHC ordered removal of Zia Batool as chairperson of Private Educational Institutions Regulatory Authority (Peira), declaring her appointment as illegal.
July 22: Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) Secretary General Zhang Ming started his four-day visit to Pakistan.
July 22: Member Customs of the FBR, Syed Muhammad Tariq Huda, was appointed Chairman of the Karachi Port Trust (KPT).
July 23: Punjab Bar Council Secretary Ashraf Rahi was killed by assailants.
July 24: Quaid-e-Millat-e-Jafariya Agha Syed Hamid Ali Shah Moosvi passed away. He was 82.
July 24: Pakistan’s premier javelin thrower Arshad Nadeem finished fifth in the World Athletics Championships.
July 24: Ambassador of Vietnam to Pakistan, Nguyen Tien Phong took charge as Chairman of Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Committee Islamabad.
July 25: The Supreme Court declined the plea for the constitution of a full bench to hear the matter of Punjab chief minister’s election.
July 25: Pakistan Postal Services issued a commemorative postage stamp of Rs20 on the completion of 100 years of successful operations of Attock Refinery Limited (ARL).
July 25: A delegation of Pakistani Ulema reached Afghanistan to hold meetings with the leadership of Emirate Islami Afghanistan and TTP leaders and convince the latter to conclude a peace agreement with Pakistan.
July 26: The Supreme Court set aside the ruling of the Punjab Assembly’s deputy speaker and directed the chief secretary to issue the requisite notification declaring Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi as the elected chief minister.
July 26: Pakistan Army promoted 32 brigadiers to the rank of major general.
July 27: Syed Haider Hussain was nominated to perform the functions of the PHF secretary in place of Asif Bajwa.
July 27: The federal cabinet approved the appointment of Mohsin Butt as the director-general of the Federal Investigation Agency (FIA), removing Rai Tahir Hussain from the post.
July 27: Punjab Advocate General Shehzad Shaukat tendered his resignation.
July 27: Omar Khalid, Pakistan’s top amateur, made history when he became the first Pakistani golfer to make the cut at the 74th US Junior Amateur Golf Championship.
July 28: Pakistan withdrew from the 44th Chess Olympiad, the world’s biggest international chess tournament that saw over 1,700 players from 188 nations compete in Chennai till August 10, in protest at hosts India holding a torch relay for the event through Indian Illegally Occupied Jammu and Kashmir (IIOJ&K).
July 28: Sri Lanka thumped Pakistan in the second Test to end the series 1-1.
July 28: NA Speaker Raja Pervaiz Ashraf accepted the resignations of 11 PTI MNAs.
July 29: COAS Gen Bajwa called US Deputy Secretary of State Wendy Sherman and asked the US to push the IMF for an early disbursement of $1.2 billion.
July 29: PTI’s candidate Sibtain Khan won the slot of Punjab Assembly speaker.
July 29: Deputy Speaker Punjab Assembly Mir Dost Mazari was removed through a no-confidence motion.
July 29: Speaking at the SCO Council of Foreign Ministers Meeting in Tashkent, Foreign Minister Bilawal Bhutto Zardari reaffirmed Pakistan’s unflinching commitment to the goals and principles of the SCO Charter and the Shanghai Spirit.
July 29: Moshin Dawar, an independent MNA from former FATA, was elected as chairman of the National Assembly Committee on Foreign Affairs.
July 29: The federal government introduced in the National Assembly the Inter-Governmental Commercial Transactions Bill, 2022, which will enable the government to sell off the state-owned enterprises for raising billions of dollars.
July 29: Prime Minister Shahbaz Sharif (PMSS) appointed Dr Mukhtar Ahmed as the Chairman of the Higher Education Commission (HEC).
July 29: The United States Educational Foundation in Pakistan (USEFP) awarded this year’s Fulbright Scholarship to 189 students to pursue advanced studies and research at leading US universities.
July 30: The Punjab government issued a directive to enforce an amendment to the Punjab Muslim Family Rules under the Muslim Family Law Ordinance, 1961, subjecting both bride and groom for mandatory signing a declaration on the belief of finality of prophethood (SAW) with immediate effect.
July 30: PTI’s Wasiq Qayyum Abbasi was elected unopposed as Punjab Assembly’s deputy speaker.
July 31: Justice Raja Shahid Mehmood Abbasi of the Lahore High Court passed away.
July 31: The Punjab Assembly approved a motion seeking resignation of Chief Election Commissioner (CEC) Sikandar Sultan Raja.
Aug. 01: A Pakistan Army aviation helicopter en route from Quetta to Karachi with important personalities, including Corp Commander Quetta Lieutenant General Sarfaraz Ali, aboard went missing.
Aug. 01: TikTok launched its Creator Portal in Pakistan.
Aug. 02: A three-member ECP bench, headed by CEC Sikandar Sultan Raja, announced the verdict in a case filed by PTI founding member Akbar S. Babar, ruling that the party received prohibited funding.
Aug. 02: DG ISPR Maj. Gen. Babar Iftikhar confirmed that all the six military personnel, including Commander 12 Corps Lt-Gen Sarfraz Ali, were martyred in a helicopter crash.
Aug. 03: China rolled over $2 billion loan in safe deposits for cash-strapped Pakistan’s economy amid dwindling foreign exchange reserves.
Aug. 03: Pakistan’s premier judoka Shah Hussain opened Pakistan’s medal account when he snared bronze in the -90 kilogramme weight category of the judo competitions of the Commonwealth Games.
Aug. 03: Pakistan’s highly gutsy weightlifter Nooh Dastgir Butt shattered several records and lifted gold medal in the +109 kilogramme competitions of the weightlifting event of the Commonwealth Games.
Aug. 03: Former DG ISPR Lieutenant General Asif Ghafoor was appointed Corps Commander Quetta.
Aug. 03: Data collected from Met office revealed that July 2022 was the wettest month since 1961.
Aug. 03: CM Sindh inaugurated the 330 MW coal-fired power project of Hubco and its partners at Thar Coal Block-II, Islamkot.
Aug. 03: The National Assembly passed a bill that aims to further clip the wings of NAB by proposing that all corruption cases involving an amount below Rs500 million would not come in its purview.
Aug. 04: The Senate adopted the National Accountability (Second Amendment) Bill.
Aug. 04: The government withdrew the fixed tax for retailers and shopkeepers imposed through electricity bills for a year.
Aug. 04: The EU announced to provide an initial grant of €265 million to Pakistan under a recently launched EU Multi-Annual Indicative Program (MIP) for 2021-2027.
Aug. 04: The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Prosecution Academy was inaugurated.
Aug. 05: Pakistan’s wrestlers ­Mohammad Inam and Zaman Anwar won silver medals at the Commonwealth Games.
Aug. 05: Youm-e-Istehsal was observed across Pakistan to condemn the illegal step taken by India on August 5, 2019.
Aug. 06: Pakistan’s rookie wrestler Mohammad Sharif Tahir won a silver medal in the men’s freestyle wrestling competition of the Commonwealth Games.
Aug. 06: Punjab Governor Balighur Rehman administered oath to 21-member Punjab cabinet.
Aug. 06: Dr Rozina Karmaliani, dean of the Aga Khan University’s School of Nursing and Midwifery, became the first Pakistani nurse to be inducted as fellow of the American Academy of Nursing.
Aug. 07: Pakistan’s premier javelin thrower Arshad Nadeem set a new Commonwealth Games record when he managed a monstrous throw of 90.18 metres to win gold in the men’s javelin throw competitions.
Aug. 08: The federal government constituted a six-member inquiry committee, including officials from the Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) and the Intelligence Bureau (IB), to probe into the poisonous propaganda launched against the military officers who were martyred in the Lasbela helicopter crash.
Aug. 08: Corps Commander Peshawar and ex-director general ISI Lt Gen Faiz Hameed from the Baloch Regiment was transferred as Corps Commander Bahawalpur.
Aug. 08: Corps Commander Bahawalpur Lt Gen Khalid Zia was posted as Military Secretary Pakistan Army at the GHQ.
Aug. 08: Military Secretary Lt Gen Sardar Hassan Azhar Hayat replaced Lt. Gen Faiz Hameed as Corps Commander Peshawar.
Aug. 08: Four top Pakistani Taliban commanders, including Maulvi Abdul Wali aka Maulvi Omar Khalid Khurasani, were killed in a mysterious explosion in the Birmal area of Afghanistan’s Paktika province.
Aug. 08: Pakistan’s young mountaineer Shehroze Kashif reached the summit of 8035m Gasherbrum II, to become the youngest climber in the world to summit 9 peaks of over 8,000m in the world. He broke Adriana Brownlee’s record in less than a month.
Aug. 09-10: In a first in its constitutional history, the NA deprived PTI member from Sindh interior, Muhammadmian Soomro, of his membership for his long absence from the House.
Aug. 11: Punjab Tourism Department launched Punjab Tourism Squad to provide tourists pleasant and trouble-free environment to tourists in Murree.
Aug. 11: The federal cabinet gave approval for reappointment of Saleem Baig as chairman Pakistan Electronic Media Regulatory Authority (Pemra) for a period of one year.
Aug. 12: COAS Gen Bajwa addressed the sovereign’s parade for commissioning course 213 (CC213) of the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst (RMAS) as the first-ever chief of army staff and Pakistani dignitary invited to the academy to be the representative of the Queen.
Aug. 12: Pakistan and Turkiye signed the Preferential Trade Agreement (PTA) aimed at boosting bilateral trade.
Aug. 12: Arsalan Khalid was made Special Assistant to Punjab Chief Minister.
Aug. 12: The US announced $1 million disaster assistance grant to Pakistan for addressing challenges in the aftermath of natural calamities such as flooding.
Aug. 12: The proceedings for the seventh House and Population Census were put off for four months due to the delayed procurement of technical equipment.
Aug. 12: Arshad Nadeem sent the javelin to 88.55m to win Pakistan their first gold medal in the fifth Islamic Games in Konya (Turkey).
Aug. 12: Former Pakistan hockey Olympian Motiullah Khan passed away at the age of 88 years.
Aug. 12: Lt. Gen. (Retd) Sajjad Ghani assumed duties as 23rd chairman of the Water and Power Development Authority (Wapda).
Aug. 13: President Alvi granted his approval to the National Information Technology Board (NITB) Bill 2022.
Aug. 13: The first-of-its-kind Under-19 T20 Tournament for Women started at the Lahore Country Club in Muridke.
Aug. 14: President Alvi conferred the Pakistan civil awards on citizens as well as foreign nationals on the Diamond Jubilee of Pakistan for showing excellence and courage in their respective fields.
Aug. 14: The Mayor of London Sadiq Khan was honoured with Sitara-i-Pakistan on the occasion of 75th Independence Day of Pakistan.
Aug. 14: Pakistan’s first electric car prototype, dubbed NUR-E 75, was unveiled.
Aug. 14: The government released the re-recorded national anthem which reflects updated inclusivity in voices and expression while ensuring the sanctity of the original words and musical composition.
The re-recording of the national anthem includes 48 musicians from the army, air force and navy bands who skilfully played the musical instruments; a choir of 30 vocalists from the National Academy of Performing Arts (NAPA), and over 125 vocalists representing all provinces, regions and faiths.
Aug. 14: To mark the country’s 75 years of independence, the SBP issued a Rs75 commemorative banknote featuring not only the portraits of Quaid-i-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah, Allama Iqbal, Mohtarma Fatima Jinnah and Sir Syed Ahmed Khan but also highlighting nation’s commitment to address climate change.
Aug. 14: CM Punjab Parvez Elahi announced free education up to graduation in state-run educational institutes.
Aug. 14: Dr Nafis Sadik of Pakistan, a guiding force to the world in maternal and child health, as well as family planning, passed away in New York.
Aug. 15: Dr Akhter Malik, a PTI MPA from Multan, was inducted into the Punjab cabinet as minister for primary and secondary healthcare.
Aug. 15: Arsalan Khalid, Special Assistant to the Chief Minister (SACM), was given the command of the Punjab Information Technology Board (PITB).
Aug. 15: The Government promoted seven Pakistan Air Force (PAF) officers to the rank of Air Vice Marshal.
Aug. 15: President Alvi approved the appointment of Syed Mehdi Shah as Governor Gilgit-Baltistan.
Aug. 15: Actor Fahad Mustafa, who played the role of a cop, Gulab, in his latest offering Quaid-e-Azam Zindabad, was made an honorary superintendent of police in Sindh.

July 16: A two-day meeting of finance ministers from the Group of 20 major economies ended in Indonesia without a joint communiqué.
July 16: In his address to a summit in Jeddah, US President Joe Biden assured Arab leaders the United States would remain fully engaged in the Middle East.
July 16: A Ukrainian cargo plane carrying munitions from Serbia to Bangladesh crashed near the city of Kavala in northern Greece.
July 16: American Fred Kerley led a US cleansweep as he stormed to victory in the men’s 100m at the World Championships.
July 17: The UAE established a $817 fund to support its space sector and to develop radar satellites.
July 17: India beat England to win a 2-1 ODI series victory.
July 17: Bangladesh completed another series sweep of the West Indies, winning the third and final ODI.
July 17: Indonesia’s Anthony Ginting won the men’s singles final to win the Singapore Badminton Open.
July 17: EU member Bulgaria and North Macedonia signed a deal in Sofia opening the way for European Union membership talks for the tiny Balkan nation and its Albanian neighbour.
July 17: A four-day summit of the Pacific Islands Forum was held in Fiji’s capital Suva.
July 17: Australia’s Cameron Smith claimed his first major title after a stunning win of the 150th British Open.
July 18: Petersberg Climate Dialogue kicked off in Berlin, Germany.
July 18: A deal between French energy giant Total Energies and UAE state oil company ADNOC was signed “for cooperation in the area of energy supplies”.
July 18: Dr Narinder Dhruv Batra resigned as president of the International Hockey Federation (FIH) with immediate effect.
July 18: American Maxime Cressy won his first career ATP title.
July 18: Ukraine’s President Volodymyr Zelensky appointed an acting security chief, after having announced the suspension of senior law-enforcement officials.
July 18: Sri Lanka’s acting president renewed the country’s state of emergency.
July 18: Israel’s army chief Aviv Kohavi reached Morocco on the first official visit of an Israeli army chief to the North African kingdom.
July 19: A fierce heatwave left western Europe sweltering, fuelling ferocious wildfires and stretching emergency services, as it swept north and pushed temperatures in Britain over 40 degrees Celsius (104 degrees Fahrenheit) for the first time.
July 19: Russian President Vladimir Putin reached Tehran for talks on the Syrian war at a three-way summit that also involves Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan.
July 19: Sheikh Mohammed Sabah Al Salem Al Sabah, the fourth son of the 12th Emir of Kuwait, Sheikh Sabah Al Salem Al Sabah, was appointed the new Prime Minister of Kuwait.
July 19: Qatar’s Mutaz Essa Barshim won his third world high jump gold.
July 20: Six-time prime minister Ranil Wickremesinghe won a parliamentary vote to succeed Gotabaya Rajapaksa as the President of Sri Lanka.
July 20: Japan once again maintained its top position on the Henley Passport Index as holders of its passport enjoy the most travel freedom and can travel to 193 countries without visas.
July 20: The EU lifted sanctions against Syria’s private airline Cham Wings.
July 20: UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson bowed out of his final setpiece event in parliament, signing off by saying: “Hasta la vista, baby!”
July 21: Italian Samantha Cristoforetti became the first European woman astronaut to embark on a spacewalk outside the International Space Station.
July 21: Italy’s President Sergio Mattarella dissolved parliament after the country’s warring parties toppled reformer Prime Minister Mario Draghi.
July 21: Droupadi Murmu, a woman from India’s tribal minority, was elected as the country’s 15th president.
July 21: A Nepali mountaineer Sanu Sherpa became the first person to complete double summits of all 14 of the world’s 8,000-metre peaks.
July 22: Russia and Ukraine signed an agreement in Istanbul to free more than 20 million metric tons of grain stuck in blockaded Black Sea ports in Ukraine.
July 22: The International Court of Justice (ICJ) in The Hague threw out all of Myanmar’s objections to a case filed by Gambia in 2019 and ruled that it can go ahead.
July 22: The United States signed off on another $270 million in military aid to Ukraine including four new Himars precision rocket systems.
July 22: Sadio Mane was crowned African Player of the Year in Rabat for the second time.
July 23: Thai Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha survived a no-confidence vote in parliament, his fourth since assuming power in 2019.
July 23: American Sydney McLaughlin obliterated her own world record of an astonishing 50.68 seconds in the 400m hurdles.
July 23: The World Health Organisation (WHO) declared monkeypox a global health emergency – the highest alarm it can sound.
July 24: China launched Wentian, the second of three modules needed to complete its new space station.
July 24: World champion Max Verstappen won the French Grand Prix.
July 25: Droupadi Murmu was sworn in as India’s president.
July 25: US Army Apache attack helicopters stationed in South Korea held live-fire drills with guns and rockets.
July 25: Astronauts entered the new lab module of China’s space station for the first time, in a major step towards completing the orbital outpost by the end of the year.
July 25: Pope Francis apologized for the “evil” inflicted on the Indigenous peoples of Canada on the first day of a visit focused on addressing decades of abuse committed at Catholic institutions.
July 25: Olympic champion Mondo Duplantis wrapped up the World Athletics Championships in Eugene by setting a new world record in the pole vault.
July 25: Russian-Polish climber Denis Urubko set another record by climbing 8,035m Gasherbrum-II within a span of 15 hours.
July 26: Russia announced to leave the International Space Station “after 2024”, amid tensions with the West.
July 26: Bangladesh asked the International Monetary Fund for support in riding out a financial shock triggered by volatile energy prices after the Russian invasion of Ukraine
July 26: Morocco and Israel signed a judicial accord under which the two countries would share expertise and modernise their judicial systems through digitalisation, while cooperating in the fight against organised crime, terrorism and human trafficking..
July 26: The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) signed an initial four-year agreement with the Commonwealth Games Federation (CGF) to collaborate on anti-doping.
July 27: United States Federal Reserve officials raised interest rates by 75 basis points for the second straight month, delivering the most aggressive tightening in more than a generation to curb surging inflation — but risking a sharp blow to the economy.
July 27: The Asian Cricket Council (ACC) decided to shift T20 Asia Cup to UAE.
July 27: Poland signed contracts to purchase South Korean weapons.
July 27: Influential British scientist James Lovelock, famed for his Gaia hypothesis and pioneering work on climate change, died at the age of 103.
July 27: The European Court of Justice (ECJ) in Luxembourg upheld European sanctions that took Moscow’s RT channel off-air around the continent.
July 27: The US Senate passed sweeping legislation to subsidise the domestic semiconductor industry.
July 28: Chinese President Xi Jinping warned his US counterpart Joe Biden not to “play with fire” over the self-ruled island of Taiwan.
July 28: Nepalese climber Tsering Sherpa summited the peak in 12 hours 20 minutes from the base camp to set a world record of scaling the world’s second highest peak K2 (8,611m).
July 29: The Commonwealth Games, featuring 5000 athletes from 72 nations, were launched at the newly-developed Alexander Stadium.
July 29: England’s Alex Yee won the first gold of the Commonwealth Games.
July 29: Washington announced a new round of sanctions on Russians involved in propaganda and disinformation campaigns seeking to disrupt US elections.
July 29: During a meeting at the Elysee Palace, French leader Emmanuel Macron and Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman agreed to work ‘to ease the effects’ of the Ukraine war
July 30: India announced to ground all its Soviet-era Russian fighter jets, the MiG-21, by 2025.
July 30: Victor Kiplangat gave Uganda their first-ever Commonwealth Games marathon gold.
July 31: Former Philippine president Fidel Ramos, who oversaw a rare period of steady growth and peace that won him the reputation as one of the country’s most effective leaders ever, died aged 94۔
July 31: Russia’s new naval doctrine was signed by President Vladimir Putin according to which the “main challenges and threats” to national security and development were Washington’s “strategic objective to dominate the world’s oceans” and Nato military infrastructure moving towards Russia’s borders.
July 31: Nepal reinstated its finance minister Janardan Sharma who had resigned in early July.
July 31: Senegal held parliamentary elections.
Aug. 01: The US announced a new tranche of weapons for Ukraine’s forces fighting Russia.
Aug. 01: The 10th review conference of the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), an international treaty that came into force in 1970 to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons, opened at the UN’s headquarters in New York.
Aug. 01: Myanmar’s junta extended emergency rule for another six months.
Aug. 01: US House Speaker Nancy Pelosi kicked off an Asia tour.
Aug. 01: South Africa defeated England in the third Twenty20 International match to complete a 2-1 series win.
Aug. 02: President Biden claimed that the US has killed al-Qaeda leader Ayman al-Zawahiri in a drone strike in Afghanistan.
Aug. 02: US House Speaker Nancy Pelosi landed in Taiwan defying a string of increasingly stark warnings and threats from China that have sent tensions between the world’s two superpowers soaring.
Aug. 03: Iranian lawmakers voted to ratify a prisoner exchange treaty with Belgium.
Aug. 03: Kuwait’s Crown Prince Sheikh Meshal officially dissolved parliament.
Aug. 04: A Saudi court convicted six Pakistanis over desecrating Masjid-e-Nabavi by raising slogans against PMSS and his delegation.
Aug. 04: The Bank of England upped interest rates by 0.5 basis points to 1.75%, the biggest increase in 27 years.
Aug. 04: China fired ballistic missiles and deployed fighter jets and warships as it held its largest-ever military exercises around Taiwan, a show of force sparked by US House Speaker Nancy Pelosi’s visit to the island.
Aug. 04: A Russian court sentenced US basketball star Brittney Griner to nine years in prison over drug smuggling.
Aug. 05: President Putin and his Turkish counterpart Recep Tayyip Erdogan met in Moscow where they agreed to ramp up trade and boost economic and energy cooperation with a focus on transport, agriculture, tourism and construction.
Aug. 05: China announced to end cooperation with the United States on a litany of key issues, including climate change, anti-drug efforts and military talks.
Aug. 05: South Korea’s first lunar orbiter Danuri – a portmanteau of the Korean words for “Moon” and “enjoy” – successfully launched on a year-long mission to observe the Moon.
Aug. 05: Greece’s intelligence chief Panagiotis Kontoleon resigned amid a scandal over alleged spying of an opposition politician.
Aug. 06: Israel launched a strike in Jabalia area of Palestine that reportedly killed 17 children.
Aug. 06: Fourteen members of the European Parliament wrote a letter to European Commission’s President Von der Leyen and Vice-President Borrel, conveying serious concern over ‘grave and systematic human rights violations of the Kashmiri people’.
Aug. 07: China’s largest-ever military exercises surrounding Taiwan drew to a close following a controversial visit to the self-ruled island by US House Speaker Nancy Pelosi.
Aug. 07: Ex-guerrilla and former mayor Gustavo Petro was sworn in as president of Columbia.
Aug. 07: The US Senate passed Joe Biden’s grand climate and health care plan, channelling billions toward ambitious clean energy goals.
Aug. 07: Israel and Palestinian authorities agreed to a truce in Gaza.
Aug. 07: Italian rider Francesco Bagnaia won the British MotoGP.
Aug. 08: Russia suspended on-site inspections under a strategic arms reduction treaty with the United States.
Aug. 08: The EU submitted a “final text” at talks to salvage a 2015 Iran nuclear deal.
Aug. 08: Competitions at the 2022 Commonwealth Games came to a close.
Aug. 09-10: President Biden signed into law a bill boosting benefits for veterans exposed to toxic fumes.
Aug. 09-10: Tunisia’s judicial authorities revoked the sacking in early June by President Kais Saied of around 50 judges.
Aug. 09-10: Rudi Koertzen, the former South African umpire who was part of the ICC’s elite panel, died, aged 73, in a car accident.
Aug. 11: Four Indian armed forces personnel and two fighters were killed in Indian Illegally Occupied Jammu and Kashmir (IIOJ&K) in Rajouri district.
Aug. 11: A prominent Taliban cleric, Sheikh Rahimullah Haqqani, was killed in a suicide attack in Kabul.
Aug. 11: Latvian MPs declared Russia a “state sponsor of terrorism”.
Aug. 11: Kosovo and Germany struck a deal that will allow Berlin to oversee the preservation and maintenance of Nazi graves from World War II in the Balkan territory.
Aug. 11: The UN appointed Rear Admiral Guillermo Pablo Ríos of Argentina as Head of Mission and Chief Military Observer for the United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan (UNMOGIP).
Aug. 11: Real Madrid beat Eintracht Frankfurt to win the fifth UEFA Super Cup.
Aug. 12: British author Salman Rushdie, who faced death threats for writing blasphemous content, was attacked on stage in western New York state.
Aug. 12: FBI agents claimed to recover records marked “top secret” during their search of former president Donald Trump’s Florida estate.
Aug. 12: Ethiopia announced the completion of the third filling of its mega-dam on the Blue Nile, a new milestone that could raise further tensions with downstream neighbours Egypt and Sudan.
Aug. 12: The UK government officially declared a drought across swathes of England.
Aug. 12: US lawmakers adopted President Joe Biden’s sprawling climate, tax and health care plan.
Aug. 14: Kuwait appointed Bader Abdullah Al-Munaikh as its ambassador to Iran, more than six years after recalling its top envoy to Tehran in solidarity with Saudi Arabia in 2016.
Aug. 14: Oil giant Saudi Aramco unveiled record profits of $48.4 billion in the second quarter of 2022.
Aug. 14: Pablo Carreno Busta seized his first ATP Masters title.
Aug. 14: Three-time major runner-up Will Zalatoris won his first US PGA Tour title.
Aug. 15: A Myanmar junta court jailed Aung San Suu Kyi for six years for corruption.
Aug. 15: Deputy President William Ruto was declared winner of Kenya’s hard-fought presidential poll.
Aug. 15: Taliban marked the first anniversary of their return to power in Afghanistan.
Aug. 15: The last soldiers belonging to France’s Barkhane operation in Mali left the African country.
Aug. 15: Russia’s space agency unveiled for the first time a physical model of what a planned new Russian-built space station will look like.

1. On July 16, the ______ government declared 10 districts of the province as calamity-hit areas.
(a) Balochistan    (b) Punjab
(c) KP                    (d) Sindh

  1. Pakistan’s Voluntary National Review (VNR) on Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) was presented at the United Nations’ High Level Political Forum (HLPG) 2022 on ______.
    (a) July 14           (b) July 15
    (c) July 16          (d) July 17
  2. The current Minister for Planning, Development and Special Initiatives is ______.
    (a) Sherry Rehman        (b) Ahsan Iqbal
    (c) Waleed Iqbal            (d) Aminul Haq
  3. On July 17, PTI swept the Punjab by-polls, remaining victorious on ______ seats out of 20.
    (a) 15              (b) 16
    (c) 17               (d) 18
  4. On July 18, Barrick Gold Corporation’s Chief Executive Mark Bristow announced to invest approx. ______ billion in Riko Diq mines.
    (a) $5              (b) $6.5
    (c) $6.70         (d) $7
  5. On July 18,. at the Petersburg Dialogue on multilateral climate negotiations, Climate Change Minister ______ asked for a clear re-set of the global climate agenda.
    (a) Mohsin Shahnawaz Ranjha        (b) Syed Naveed Qamar
    (c) Sherry Rehman                        (d) Syed Murtaza Mahmud
  6. On July 18, Farah Hamid Khan assumed the charge of the Chief Information Commissioner, Right to Information Commission,______.
    (a) Punjab                   (b) KP
    (c) Sindh                     (d) Balochistan
  7. On July 19, the federal government constituted a task force for the elimination of Riba with Federal Minister for ______ as its Chairman.
    (a) Law & Justice             (b) Inter Provincial Coordination
    (c) Parliamentary Affairs    (d) Religious Affairs
  8. On July 19, ______ announced the launch of its Android Earthquake Alerts System in Pakistan.
    (a) Google              (b) Samsung
    (c) Microsoft            (d) Huwaei
  9. Pakistan’s current ambassador to China is ______.
    (a) Asad Waheed            (b) Asim Iftikhar
    (c) Abida Hussain           (d) Moin ul Haque
  10. The Henley Passport Index 2022 has ranked Pakistan’s passport as the ______-worst among 199 world countries.
    (a) Second             (b) Third
    (c) Fourth             (d) Seventh
  11. On July 21, the federal cabinet approved the appointment of ______ as Chairman of NAB.
    (a) Athar Minallah        (b) Tariq Khosa
    (c) Arif Nawaz              (d) Aftab Sultan
  12. Aftab Sultan is a former director general of ______.
    (a) IB           (b) FIA
    (c) SBP         (d) FBR
  13. On July 21, ______ was appointed the Chairman of the Sindh Public Service Commission.
    (a) Haider Hussain             (b) M. Waseem
    (c) Syed Hamid Ali             (d) Naila Kiani
  14. On July 21, the Federal Education Ministry renamed the Single National Curriculum as ______ Curriculum of Pakistan.
    (a) Unified                 (b) One
    (c) National             (d) None of these
  15. On July 22, Pakistan Railways Inspector General ______ replaced Punjab IGP Rao Sardar Ali.
    (a) Kalim Imam            (b) Inam Ghani
    (c) Arif Nawaz              (d) Faisal Shahkar
  16. On July 24, ambassador of ______ to Pakistan, Nguyen Tien Phong took charge as Chairman of Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Committee Islamabad.
    (a) Cambodia              (b) Philippine
    (c) Mongolia               (d) Vietnam
  17. On July 25, Pakistan Postal Services issued a commemorative postage stamp of ______ denomination on the completion of 100 years of successful operations of Attock Refinery Limited.
    (a) Rs5                (b) Rs10
    (c) Rs20             (d) Rs50
  18. On ______, the Supreme Court set aside the ruling of the Punjab Assembly’s deputy speaker and directed the chief secretary to issue the requisite notification declaring Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi as the elected chief minister.
    (a) July 24           (b) July 26
    (c) July 28           (d) July 30
  19. On July 27, the federal cabinet approved the appointment of ______ as the director-general of FIA.
    (a) Mohsin Butt           (b) Rao Sardar
    (c) Kalim Imam              (d) Shahid Shaukat
  20. the incumbent director general of FIA has replaced ______.
    (a) basher Memon       (b) Taimorr Aslam
    (c) Mohsin Kayani        (d) Tahir Hussain
  21. On July 27, ______ became the first Pakistani golfer to make the cut at the 74th US Junior Amateur Golf Championship.
    (a) Munir Kamal           (b) Shahid Khan
    (c) Omar Khalid         (d) Mubeen Elahi
  22. On July 29, ______ Sibtain Khan was elected as the new speaker of Punjab Assembly.
    (a) PPP’s                      (b) PMLQ’s
    (c) Awami Raj’s           (d) PTI’s
  23. On ______, Deputy Speaker Punjab Assembly Mir Dost Mazari was removed through a no-confidence motion.
    (a) July 29              (b) July 30
    (c) July 31                (d) Aug. 01
  24. On July 29, ______ was elected as chairman of the National Assembly Committee on Foreign Affairs.
    (a) Moshin Dawar     (b) Raja Riaz
    (b) Noor Alam            (d) Talha Mahmood
  25. On July 29, ______ was appointed the Chairman of the Higher Education Commission.
    (a) Dr Qibla Ayaz       (b) Dr Mukhtar Ahmed
    (c) Dr Niaz Akhktar    (d) Dr Ghaus Pasha
  26. On July 30, the ______ government made it compulsory for both bride and groom to sign a declaration on the belief of finality of prophethood with immediate effect.
    (a) KP                        (b) Sindh
    (c) Balochistan          (d) Punjab
  27. On July 30, ______ Wasiq Qayyum Abbasi was elected unopposed as Punjab Assembly’s deputy speaker.
    (a) PPP’s                    (b) PMLQ’s
    (c) PMLN’s                (d) PTI’s
  28. On Aug. 01, ______ launched its Creator Portal in Pakistan.
    (a) TikTok                (b) Google
    (c) Amazon               (d) Microsoft
  29. The foreign funding case against PTI, wherein the ECP has ruled that the party received prohibited funding, was filed by______.
    (a) Ayaz Sadiq           (b) Akbar S. Babar
    (c) Hamid Khan         (d) Fauzia Kasuri
  30. On Aug. 02, DG ISPR Maj. Gen. Babar Iftikhar confirmed that all the six military personnel, including Commander ______ Lt-Gen Sarfraz Ali, were martyred in a helicopter crash.
    (a) 10 Corps             (c) Multan Corps
    (c) 12 Corps           (d) Northern Corps
  31. On Aug. 03, ______ rolled over $2 billion loan in safe deposits for cash-strapped Pakistan’s economy amid dwindling foreign exchange reserves.
    (a) Saudi Arabia        (b) UAE
    (c) France                  (d) China
  32. Pakistan’s first medal in the Commonwealth Games 2022 was won by ______.
    (a) Arshad Nadeem     (b) Nooh Butt
    (c) Inam Butt               (d) Shah Hussain
  33. On Aug. 03, ______ won Pakistan’s first gold medal in the Commonwealth Games 2022.
    (a) Shah Hussain       (b) Arshad Nadeem
    (c) Nooh Butt          (d) Inam Butt
  34. On Aug. 03, Lieutenant General Asif Ghafoor was appointed Corps Commander ______.
    (a) Sialkot                (b) Multan
    (c) Lahore                (d) Quetta
  35. On Aug. 04, ______ announced to provide an initial grant of €265 million to Pakistan under a recently launched Multi-Annual Indicative Program for 2021-2027.
    (a) Germany          (b) France
    (c) IMF                  (d) EU
  36. On Aug. 08, TTP’s Maulvi Abdul Wali aka Maulvi Omar Khalid Khurasani was killed in a mysterious explosion in the Birmal area of Afghanistan’s ______ province.
    (a) Khost                 (b) Paktia
    (c) Zabul                 (d) Paktika
  37. On ______, COAS Gen Bajwa addressed the sovereign’s parade for commissioning course 213 of the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst.
    (a) Aug. 10            (b) Aug. 11
    (c) Aug. 12           (d) Aug. 13
  38. On Aug. 12, Lt. Gen. (Retd) Sajjad Ghani assumed duties as ______ chairman of the Water and Power Development Authority (Wapda).
    (a) 22nd               (b) 23rd
    (c) 25th                (d) 27th
  39. On Aug. 15, President Alvi approved the appointment of Syed Mehdi Shah as Governor______.
    (a) Gilgit-Baltistan    (b) Sindh
    (c) Punjab                   (d) KP

  1. The recent two-day meeting of finance ministers from the Group of 20 major economies was held in______.
    (a) Bali                 (b) Berlin
    (c) Rome               (d) Amsterdam
  2. On ______, US President Joe Biden wrapped up his first tour of the Middle East since taking office.
    (a) July 15            (b) July 16
    (c) July 17            (d) July 18
  3. On July 17, ______ and North Macedonia signed a deal that has opened the way for European Union membership talks.
    (a) Belgium          (b) Italy
    (c) Bulgaria        (d) Iceland
  4. On July 17, a four-day summit of the Pacific Islands Forum was held in Fiji’s capital ______.
    (a) Lautoka         (b) Nadi
    (c) Levu              (d) Suva
  5. On July 18, Petersberg Climate Dialogue kicked off in______.
    (a) Beijing          (b) Stockholm
    (c) Cairo             (d) Berlin
  6. The energy giant Total Energies is from ______.
    (a) Thailand       (b) Germany
    (c) France         (d) Norway
  7. On ______, Dr Narinder Dhruv Batra resigned as president of the International Hockey Federation.
    (a) July 18       (b) July 19
    (c) July 20         (d) July 21
  8. On July 18, Israel’s army chief Aviv Kohavi reached ______ on the first official visit of an Israeli army chief to the state.
    (a) Bahrain       (b) Morocco
    (c) UAE             (d) Saudi Arabia
  9. On______, Russian President Vladimir Putin reached Tehran for talks on the Syrian war at a three-way summit that also involved Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan.
    (a) July 19        (b) July 20
    (c) July 21          (d) July 22
  10. On On July 19, Sheikh Mohammed Sabah Al Salem Al Sabah, the fourth son of the 12th Emir of ______, was appointed the country’s new Prime Minister.
    (a) Oman         (b) Kuwait
    (c) Qatar          (d) Bahrain
  11. On July 20, ______-time prime minister Ranil Wickremesinghe won a parliamentary vote to become the President of Sri Lanka.
    (a) Four             (b) Five
    (c) Six               (d) Seven
  12. On July 20, ______ once again maintained its top position on the Henley Passport Index.
    (a) Iceland         (b) Australia
    (c) Finland         (d) Japan
  13. On July 20, the EU lifted sanctions against ______ private airline Cham Wings.
    (a) Syria’s        (b) Russia’s
    (c) Israel’s         (d) Qatar’s
  14. On ______, UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson bowed out of his final set-piece event in parliament
    (a) July 20      (b) July 22
    (c) July 24        (d) July 26
  15. Samantha Cristoforetti, the first European woman astronaut to embark on a spacewalk outside the International Space Station, belongs to ______.
    (a) Libya              (b) Italy
    (c) Switzerland    (d) Germany
  16. Mario Draghi was the Prime Minister of ______.
    (a) Italy             (b) Moldova
    (c) Finland         (d) Ukraine
  17. On July 21, Droupadi Murmu, a woman from India’s tribal minority, was elected as the country’s ______ president.
    (a) 13th             (b) 14th
    (c) 15th            (d) 18th
  18. On July 21, a ______ mountaineer Sanu Sherpa became the first person to complete double summits of all 14 of the world’s 8,000-metre peaks.
    (a) Mongolian  (b) Nepali
    (c) Indian          (d) Pakistani
  19. On July 22, Russia and Ukraine signed an agreement in ______ to free more than 20 million metric tons of grain stuck in blockaded Black Sea ports in Ukraine.
    (a) Jakarta         (b) Beijing
    (c) Istanbul      (d) Ankara
  20. On July 22, the International Court of Justice in The Hague threw out all of Myanmar’s objections to a case filed by Gambia in ______ and ruled that it can go ahead.
    (a) 2019           (b) 2020
    (c) 2021             (d) 2022
  21. Prayut Chan-o-cha is the Prime Minister of ______.
    (a) Indonesia     (b) Cambodia
    (c) Vietnam       (d) Thailand
  22. The World Health Organisation (WHO) declared monkeypox a global health emergency – the highest alarm it can sound, on ______.
    (a) July 20        (b) July 22
    (c) July 23      (d) July 24
  23. On July 25, Pope Francis apologized for the “evil” inflicted on the Indigenous peoples of ______.
    (a) Brazil                 (b) Canada
    (c) New Zealand     (d) Australia
  24. On July 26, ______ announced to leave the International Space Station after 2024.
    (a) Russia               (b) China
    (c) South Korea       (d) Germany
  25. On July 26, Morocco and ______ signed a judicial accord under which the two countries would share expertise and modernise their judicial systems.
    (a) Israel              (b) UAE
    (c) Egypt               (d) Qatar
  26. On July 27, the Asian Cricket Council (ACC) decided to shift T20 Asia Cup to ______.
    (a) Qatar              (b) UAE
    (c) Pakistan          (d) Bangladesh
  27. The European Court of Justice (ECJ) is located in ______.
    (a) Sofia              (b) Luxembourg
    (c) Brussels         (d) Vienna
  28. On July 29, ______Alex Yee won the first gold of the Commonwealth Games.
    (a) Australia’s    (b) Iran’s
    (c) S. Korea’s     (d) England’s
  29. The Élysée Palace is the official residence of the President of ______.
    (a) Ukraine        (b) Italy
    (c) Germany      (d) France
  30. Recently, India announced to ground all its Soviet-era Russian fighter jets, the MiG-21, by ______.
    (a) 2023           (b) 2024
    (c) 2025          (d) 2030
  31. Fidel Ramos, who won the reputation as one of his country’s most effective leaders, was the president of ______.
    (a) Philippine      (b) Indonesia
    (c) Zimbabwe       (d) South Africa
  32. On Aug. 01, the 10th review conference of the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), was held at the UN’s headquarters in ______.
    (a) New York      (b) Washington DC
    (c) Geneva           (d) None of these
  33. On Aug. 02, Joe Biden claimed that the US has killed al-Qaeda leader Ayman al-Zawahiri in ______.
    (a) Afghanistan    (b) Iraq
    (c) Syria                  (d) Pakistan
  34. On______, US House Speaker Nancy Pelosi landed in Taiwan.
    (a) Aug. 01           (b) Aug. 02
    (c) Aug. 03           (d) Aug. 04
  35. On Aug. 03, Iranian lawmakers voted to ratify a prisoner exchange treaty with ______.
    (a) Pakistan         (b) Turkey
    (c) Belgium       (d) Saudi Arabia
  36. On Aug. 04, a Russian court sentenced ______ basketball star Brittney Griner to nine years in prison over drug smuggling.
    (a) US                (b) Australian
    (c) British            (d) German
  37. On Aug. 05, ______ first lunar orbiter Danuri successfully launched on a year-long mission to observe the Moon.
    (a) Sweden’s              (b) Latvia’s
    (c) IOtaly’s                 (d) South Korea’s
  38. On Aug. 07, ex-guerrilla and former mayor Gustavo Petro was sworn in as president of ______.
    (a) Austria                 (b) Cuba
    (c) Columbia           (d) Mexico
  39. On Aug. 15, a Myanmar junta court jailed Aung San Suu Kyi for ______ for corruption.
    (a) One year            (b) Six years
    (c) Ten years            (d) None of these
  40. On Aug. 15, the last soldiers belonging to France’s Barkhane operation in ______ left the African country.
    (a) Sudan‎                (b) Algeria
    (c) Niger                 (d) Mali

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