Seven Piece of Land
Asia is the largest and most populous continent of the world. It covers an area of 29.5 percent of the land area and has about 60 percent of the world’s population. It has an area of 44,579,000 square kilometres and consists of 47 countries. The highest point in Asia is Mount Everest, Nepal, and the lowest point is the Dead Sea. The largest cities of Asia are Tokyo, Seoul, Mumbai, Jakarta, Osaka. Karachi and Shanghai. Asia’s most populous country is the People’s Republic of China with 1.3 billion people.
Africa is the second largest continent in the world with an area of nearly 30 million square kilometres, covering 20.4 percent of total land area and consists of almost 14.8 percent of the world’s population. There are 53 countries in Africa and its largest cities include Cairo, Lagos, Kinshasa and Johannesburg, while the largest country is Egypt. Africa has the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Red Sea and Suez Canal to the northeast, Indian Ocean to the southeast and Atlantic Ocean to the west. Africa’s Mount Kilimanjaro, Tanzania, is the continent’s highest point while Lake Assal, Djibouti, is the lowest point.
North America, also the northern continent of the Americas, is the third largest continent of the world. It has an area of 2.4 million square kilometres, covering a land mass of 16.5 percent. The highest point in North America is Mount McKinley and the lowest point is Death Valley, California. The continent is bordered by the Arctic Ocean on the north, by the Atlantic Ocean on the east, the Caribbean Sea on the southeast and North Pacific Ocean on the west. The largest cities of North America are Mexico City, New York City, Los Angeles, Chicago and Miami.
South America is the fourth largest continent of the world. It covers an area of 17,840,000 square kilometres – about 12 percent of the total land mass. The highest point in South America is the Aconcagua Mountain, Argentina, and the lowest point is Laguna del Carbon, Argentina, a salt lake. The largest country of South America is Argentina and the largest cities are Sao Paulo, Buenos Aires, Rio de Janeiro and Bogota.
The fifth largest continent is Antarctica which is situated at the South Pole. Antarctica’s highest point is the Vinson Massif Mountain and the lowest point is the Bentley Subglacial Trench. Antarctica has an area of 14 million square kilometres, covering 9.2 percent of land and is almost 1.3 times larger than Europe. Almost 98 percent of Antarctica is covered with ice and this sheet of ice has a thickness of nearly 1.6 kilometres. Antarctica consists of almost 90 percent of the world’s total ice. If all this ice melts, then sea levels would rise by nearly 200 feet.
Europe is the sixth largest continent with an area of 10,180,000 square kilometres and a population of 731,000,000. Europe has Arctic Ocean on its north, Atlantic Ocean to the west, Mediterranean Sea to the south and Black Sea to the southeast. It covers 6.8 percent land area. The point in Europe is Mount Elbrus, Russia and the lowest is Caspian Sea shore, Russia.
Australia is the world’s smallest and seventh continent with an area of 7,617,930 square kilometres, covering 5.9 percent of the world’s land area. As Australia has no bordering countries, it is also the largest island of the world. Its neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea, East Timor and Indonesia to the north, New Zealand to the southeast and New Caledonia, Vanuatu and Solomon Islands to the north-east.
The highest point in Australia is Mount Kosciuszko and the lowest point is Lake Eyre.