Education Decides the Future
Education is sine qua non for a country’s peace, stability, and prosperity. It is a fact that only a country with an educated population can achieve socioeconomic development and political stability. For instance, the Scandinavian countries enjoy a respectable position in the comity of nations because they have high literacy rates. In fact, education is the decisive factor that puts a nation on the path of development and prosperity. Having immense importance, education decides the rise and fall of a nation. For example, most scholars believe that USSR collapsed because of its ideology, i.e. Communism; however, it was, in fact, the lack of education that led to the disintegration of this once-mighty power.
Education promotes political stability, rule of law and good governance. It is a known fact that the more a society is educated, the more the harmony there. Also, it creates a vibrant civil society which is indispensable for a state’s socioeconomic and political growth. In short, the role of education in the development of a state is wide and critically important as well.
Another reason to believe in the importance of education is that only those countries lag socially, economically and politically behind that remain unable to impart quality education to their peoples. The case study of Pakistan is a perfect manifestation in this regard as education is the least priority of the state. As a result, the country has been facing political instability, economic decline, and poor governance since ages. Hence, it is proved that education, the foundation of development, is a basic prerequisite for a nation’s peace, stability and prosperity.
Education has been of huge importance in the history as well. For example, the foundations of Plato’s ideal state rest on education. In other words, Plato’s ideal state is nothing without education. Similarly, at the time of freedom movement in the Subcontinent, a towering personality, Sir Syed Ahmad Khan, asserted, time and again, that the solution to Muslims’ miseries is in acquiring education. Knowing the importance and power of the pen and knowledge, he started the Aligarh Movement to provide modern education to his countrymen.
Education creates a vibrant civil society, leading to economic development. A vibrant civil society is the one that has high literacy rate, productive labour and political consciousness. It is a known fact that a nation with high literacy, skilled labour and politically aware people can secure a respectable place in the global community. As a result, it leads to political stability, economic prosperity and good governance. Also, a vigilant civil society promotes rule of law, which paves the way for better law and order and social security. Overall, it advocates democratic culture, which is indispensable for a thriving democracy. Thus, education is vital for making a robust civil society, which is the prerequisite of a developed and civilized nation.
Back home in Pakistan, the education system is characterized with numerous deficiencies and lacunae. It has been rightly said that the education system of Pakistan has failed to produce efficient human resource. Sadly, according to the Bureau of Statistics, Pakistan has 63 percent literacy rate – and only 20 percent students achieve higher education. Consequently, Pakistan is devoid of a vibrant civil society which is why the country is socially divided, economically fragile and politically unstable. Hence, the case study of Pakistan also corroborates the fact that only those countries remain under-developed that keep education at a low priority, as in Pakistan’s case.
In conclusion, it is pertinent to say that education is the most important tool that leads a state to socio-economic development and political stability. In the powerful words of Nelson Mandela, the late President of South Africa, “Education is a weapon which you can use to change the world.” Going beyond, if a country wants peace, stability, and prosperity, education is the only way forward. Similarly, in Pakistan’s case, only imparting quality education to its people is the panacea for all social ills, economic backwardness and political uncertainty.
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