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Crisis of Good Governance in Pakistan

An essay outline regarding the CSS and other competitive examinations relating to the topic of crisis or bad governance, essentials, causes and remedies.

Pak-China relationship New Horizons
Saturday, January 01, 2011

Introduction
Good governance is a prerequisite for social harmony, public order, political stability, economic prosperity and certainty about future. It delivers the fruit of progress and development evenly to all and sundry. Good governance is required at all levels of society and state.
 
Essentials of good governance
    Promotion of national cohesion
    National integration
    Institutional supremacy
    Independent judiciary
    Constitutional supremacy
    Rule of law
    Political stability
    Educational opportunities
    Socio-economic development
    Equal distribution of resources
    Welfare state with provision of social securities
    Strong writ of the government on all fronts
 
Situation of governance in Pakistan
    Forces of disintegration -- stronger than forces of cohesion
    Weak writ of the government
    Absence of independent judiciary
    No rule of law
    Political instability
    Interprovincial conflicts
    Unequal distribution of resources
    Pakistan presenting a picture of extreme bad governance on all national fronts

Causes

Political causes
    Parliament, a toothless tiger
    Political instability due to constant military interference
    Issue of provincialism on revenue, resources and demand of provincial autonomy
 
Administrative causes
    Bureaucratic hold on all institutions
    Political interference on bureaucracy
    Corruption, mother of all evils
    Absence of culture of accountability
    Mismanagement of resources
    Pakistan, a soft state because of inability of implementation of policies due to lack of consensus
 
Economic causes  
    Fragile economy - FDI shrinking on account of terrorism and political instability
    Crisis of energy, food, water
    Corruption from top to bottom creating burden on the government exchequer
 
Social causes
    Poverty – 40 per cent population living below the poverty line (UN reports)
    Over population -16.6 crore ( Economic Survey of Pakistan 2009)
    Illiteracy leading to socio-economic backwardness
 
Remedies
    Pakistan is in dire need of truly capable leadership
    Strong anti-corruption campaigns strengthening National Accountability Bureau
    Strict accountability of all government servants in particular and common masses in general
    Investment in socio-economic development
    Allocation of seven per cent GDP for education
    Three per cent for population control
    Three per cent for poverty alleviation
    Generation of new employment opportunities
    Equal distribution of resources
    Ensuring freedom of press

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